homeschooling curriculum

The Four Pillars Of Art


The Two Tinkers incorporates four pillars of art education:

The Elements of Art, Composition, Art History, and Media.
What does each of these mean?

The Elements of Art, or what artists focus on when they draw, include

  • Shape: circle, triangle, square, etc.
  • Line: straight, curved, thick, thin, etc.
  • Form: three dimensional shapes: sphere, pyramid, cube, etc.
  • Value: how light or dark something is
  • Color: red, yellow, blue, etc.
  • Space: the area used in art
  • Texture: the look of the surface of an object

Composition, or the way elements are arranged, include:

  • Balance: like weights on a scale, elements should not all crowd into one corner of a drawing
  • Rhythm: repeating any element within a picture, to draw the eye through a piece of art
  • Depth: objects in the background are smaller and higher, giving an appearance of distance
  • Contrast: emphasize the difference in a space (i.e., go from light to dark)
  • Symmetry: two sides mirror each other, often imperfectly
  • Perspective: lines that converge as they go into the distance
  • Proportion: how the parts of the body relate (i.e., not making the head too big)
  • Viewpoint: the eye level of the artist
  • Unity: using an element throughout the artwork to hold the picture together
  • Emphasis: which part stands out from the rest
  • Media, or the art materials and techniques, include Pencil, Marker, Ink, Oil pastels, Color pencil, Printmaking, Clay, Charcoal, Watercolor, Sculpture

Art history, which includes cultures, countries, movements, and artists, include: Egyptian, Greek, Roman, World art, American, Impressionism, The Realists, Pop Art, Picasso, O'Keeffe, Hokusai, Rembrandt, Vermeer, Monet and many others

Media types include   

  • Pencil
  • Marker
  • Ink
  • Oil pastels
  • Color pencil
  • Printmaking
  • Clay
  • Charcoal
  •  Watercolor
  • Sculpture


Sound Interesting?

Click the Link Below for more information about our classes and our class schedule for Homeschool Art Classes.

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